CCC认证的全称为“强制性产品认证制度”，它是中国政府为保护消费者人身安全和国家安全、加强产品质量管理、依照法律法规实施的一种产品合格评定制度。所谓CCC认证，就是中国强制性产品认证制度，英文名称China Compulsory Certification，英文缩写CCC。
3C certification stands for “compulsory product certification system”, and it is a product qualification assessment system to protect the consumers’ personal safety and national security, and enhance product quality management according to the laws and regulations. The so-called CCC certification is the China Compulsory Product Certification System, and the CCC is the abbreviation of the English name of the China Compulsory Certification.
CCC certification mark
CCC Certification Mark
CCC certification in China
Chinese government issued the compulsory product certification system on December 3, 2001 to honor its WTO accession commitments. CNCA began to accept the first batch of applications for certification of 132 kinds of products covering 19 main categories listed in the compulsory catalog.
CCC certification is a system of commodity quality assessment for government to implement according to the relevant agreements with WTO, international prevailing rules and Chinese laws and regulations for protecting customers’ personal safety, animals and plants life safety, environment , and national security.
Main features: The unified directory is published by China government. It determines the uniform and applicable national standards, technical regulations and implementation procedures; it stipulates a unified logo; it provides a unified fee standards. The products included in the compulsory catalog must be accredited conformity assessment by the designated accreditation bodies, obtained the relevant certification and labeled with CCC mark before leaving the factory, importing, selling and using in the business service establishments.
“CCC” certification has been fully implemented from the August 1, 2003, and the original product safety certification and the import safety quality license system are abolished at the same time. The compulsory product certification system announced includes: Administration of Compulsory Product Certification Provisions, The Measures for Administration of 3C Mark, The First Batch of Product Catalogs of Compulsory Product Certification, The Notice of Issues in the Implementation of Compulsory Product Certification. The first batch of products listed in the catalogs of compulsory certification include wire and cable, switches, low voltage electrical appliances, electric tools, household appliances, audio and video equipment, information equipment, telecommunications terminal, motor vehicles, medical equipment, and security protection equipment etc.
It should be noted that CCC mark is not a quality mark, but just one of the most basic safety certification.
The signification of CCC certification
CCC signs are generally attached to the surface of the product, or molded pressure on the product. Look closely and you’ll see a number of small rhombus “CCC” markings. Each CCC mark followed by a random code, and each random code has a corresponding manufacturer and its product. Distribution and management center of Certification mark has input the products corresponded into the database while the CCC mark is distributed, and the consumers can check the random code with National Quality Certification Center whether it is correct or not.
“CCC” certification mark is divided into four categories.
“CCC” certification mark is divided into four categories presently, namely:
CCC+S safety certification mark;
CCC+EMC type of electromagnetic compatibility certification mark;
CCC+S&E safety and electromagnetic compatibility certification mark;
CCC+F fire certification mark
Each type of the above four categories has five specifications by different sizes.
CCC mark is generally attached to the surface of the product, or molded pressure on the product. The CCC mark designed presently not only has a laser anti-counterfeiting, but also each model has a unique serial number which isn't repeated. The method of distinguishing the true and false of the CCC mark is very simple. Look closely and you’ll see a number of small rhombic “CCC” markings. And it is difficult to be faked, because each 3C mark followed by a random code, and each random code is corresponded with a manufacturer and product. According to the random code, you can identify the source of the products is authentic or not.
Documents needed to be provided for CCC certification:
Documents of initial application or changing information need to be provided;
Application form for compulsory product certification;
The applicant’s “the business license for enterprises as legal person” and the copy of “the license of the commercial registration” (the initial application or changing information);
Plant’s organization chart (the initial application or changing information);
Workmanship flow charts of production for applying certification (the initial application or changing information);
The list of key equipments used for routine testing (the initial application or changing information);
Product assembly chart, electrical schematic diagram;
Chinese nameplate and warning mark of products for applying certification (in duplicate);
Chinese usage manual of products for applying certification;
Instruction of the differences among the models within the same application unit;
Photos of appearance of the various models within the same application unit (in duplicate);
The other relevant documents need to be provided when necessary (if CB test report available).
The documentation of the similar products should be provided again when we re-apply.
Applications for compulsory product certification;
Product assembly chart and the schematic diagram of electricity;
Chinese nameplate and warning mark of products for applying certification (in duplicate) ;
Chinese introduction manual of products for applying certification;
Instruction of the differences among the four models within the same application unit;
Photos of the products appearance of the various models within the same application unit (in duplicate);
The other related information need to be provided when necessary (if CB test report available).
The documents list provided for the testing for 3C compulsory certification:
The following documents should be provided when submitting samples to test:
The recording form of the samples;
CCC application documents detailed
Products maintenance manual;
Products circuit diagram (schematic and printed-circuit)
Difference comparison between the main model tested and the other models covered within the same application unit;
Products list and critical components list related with safety and electromagnetic compatibility;
The copy of the certificate of the key safety components of the product;
CB test certificates and reports ( if you have any);
Trademarks authorization of the product used ( if you have any).
Requirements of CCC factory inspection
The basic requirements of CCC factory inspection
First, the factory is the first responsibility holder to ensure the certified products to comply with the implementing rule of certification of products.
Second, the factory should produce products which shall be consistent with the qualified sample confirmed by certification body, according to the implementing rule of product accreditation and the factory quality assurance requirements.
Third, the factory should keep abreast of the information and requirement in the documents issued in the website from the certification body.
Fourth, the factory should establish and maintain the following documented procedures or regulations at least, and the contents shall be compatible with the plant quality management and products quality controlling:
Using and controlling procedures for the certification mark;
Controlling procedure for product change
Document and data controlling procedure
Quality record controlling procedure
Assessment procedure and daily management procedure for the supplier
Testing and verification procedure for the key parts and materials
Periodic verification of critical components and material testing procedures;
Production equipment maintenance system;
Routine testing and verification tests procedures;
Controlling procedures of nonconforming product
Audit procedures of internal quality
The duties and mutual relations of the various positions related to the activities of quality.
In addition, there should be a necessary operating instructions, inspection standards, equipment operating procedures and management system.
Fifth, the plant should keep the following quality records at least to ensure the factory carried out the whole production inspection and production testing indeed, and the quality records should be real and effective:
The records of Selecting, evaluating and managing supplier;
The incoming inspection / verification records and the provided evidence of conformity by suppliers for critical components and material;
The records of products’ routine test and verification test;
The records of calibration or verification for inspection and test equipments;
The records of routine tests and verification tests for the equipment operation;
The disposal records of non-conforming product;
The records of internal audit
The records of customer’s complaints and corrective actions;
The periodic inspection records of components;
The records of the implementation of mark;
The corrective records to the disqualify running tests;
The record retention period should not be less than the time interval between two inspections, at least 24 months to ensure the records after completing the check can be found at next inspection.
Sixth, the factory should assist and complete the inspection arranged by the certification body. Factory inspection should be performed according to the planning time agreed with the certification body; as to the supervision and inspection, factory should accept the supervision and inspection of the certification body within the specified period, at the same time, the certification body can supervise and inspect in advance without notice factory according to international practice (such as flight inspection, special supervision and inspection), and the factory shall offer assistance. Otherwise, the certification body shall have the right to suspend the certification.
Seventh, the factory should allow the inspectors to enter all applicable areas of product certification, access to relevant records and visit relevant personnel (Declare to the certification bodies if have the area needed to be specially confidential).
Eighth, according to the product characteristics and the requirements of plant specific conditions the factory should assist the inspection group to conduct a designed on-site test, which should be performed by the staff arranged by the factory while the inspection group witness.
Ninth, the factory should assist inspection group to conduct the consistency check and arrange staff for execution involving the machine dismantling facility during the inspection.
Tenth, during the inspection the factory should take the initiative to inspection group if the certified product changes or inconsistencies.
Eleventh, when the product requires sampling, the factory should assist inspection group to seal specimens, and the factory should take the sample to the designated testing organization in accordance within the stipulated time.
Twelfth, the factory should provide the necessary working facilitation for the inspection group.
Thirteenth, the factory should communicate with the holder and pay the supervision and inspection fee (including the supervision and inspection fee of per person per day and travel expenses of per person per day), annuities and product sampling test fee (= if you have any).
Fourteenth, the factory shall not release the following products:
Changes after obtaining the certification, but the product not recognized by the certification body;
The product of exceeding the valid certification period;
The listed product of suspended, canceled, revoked certificates;
The certification products sealed by factory according to the requirements of the inspector on scene, when factory inspection was sentenced to the field-proven or not conformed.
The fifth, the factory should notify the changing contact information to the certification bodies in time.
First, it doesn’t need to apply for compulsory product certification when it meets the following conditions.
The articles of foreign embassies, consulates, international organizations in China, and the diplomat self-occupied;
The articles of Hong Kong, Macao Special Administrative Region Government in the Mainland official agencies and their staff self-occupied;
The personal belongings of immigration officers’ players from abroad into the territory;
Intergovernmental aid, gift items.
The products in Catalog met the above-mentioned conditions needn’t apply for compulsory product certification nor do they need to add China compulsory product certification mark.
Second, when the products meet the following conditions, it may be exempted from handling the compulsory product certification.
Products demanded for research, testing;
The spare parts for introducing production line for technique examination;
The products for the purpose of end-user maintenance;
The equipment / parts (not including office supplies) for factory production lines / sets of production lines;
The products only for commercial display, but not for sale;
The imported products temporarily still need to be returned;
The spare parts used general trade to imports for the purpose of full machine exporting;
The spare parts imported by the way of feed processing and incoming materials processing for the purpose of full machine exporting.
When the products meet the above criteria in Catalog, the manufacturers, importers, distributors or the agent may submit an application to the relevant quality inspection agencies, and submits the relevant application letter, materials that prove the products have satisfied the conditions of exemption, the letter of liability guarantee, declaration of products compliance (including report of type test), etc., upon approving and obtaining the Certificates Exempted from Compulsory Product Certification, the products certificates can be used in sale, importation and profiting activities.
Third, the products in Catalog met one of the following conditions should be punished in accordance with the Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Certification and Accreditation and the complementary law and regulations.
The products not met the conditions of announcement and excused not to conduct compulsory product certification for sale, exportation and using in business activities without authorization;
The products met the conditions of announcement but not obtained the Certificates Exempted from Compulsory Product Certification for sale, exportation and using in business activities without authorization;
The products depended on fabricating false materials to defraud Certificates Exempted from Compulsory Product Certification;
The products used not for the original purpose of the application after obtaining Certificates Exempted from Compulsory Product Certification.
3C certification application process
Enterprise application, the application letter includes the relevant information of applicant, manufacture, factory and production. Each type of goods should be applied separately. And the goods with the same model produced by different manufacturers should be applied separately as well.
Phase 1: Apply and accept
CQC issues acceptance notice to applicant after receiving the application complied with requirements and notifies the applicants to send the relevant documents and information, while CQC sends information about the fee and notification. The applicant provides the information to CQC as required.
The applicants should fill the payment voucher as required after paying fee.
Phase 2: Documents evaluation
In this stage, product certification engineers need to divide applications into different units. After unit division product certification engineer shall issue the applicants to send samples and pay the corresponding fee while sending the samples to the corresponding testing agency.
Phase 3: Receive the samples
Samples are sent to the designated testing agencies by applicants directly. After paying the fee, the applicants shall fill the payment voucher as required.
The testing agencies conduct acceptance for the received samples, fill the acceptance report of the samples, issue the applicant to improve the non-conforming samples, and then fill the report of the samples acceptance. After the acceptance of samples, the testing agencies fill the sampling testing progress reports to CQC. When CQC confirm the testing progress report have been received and the relevant fees have been paid, the CQC shall send an official acceptance to the applicants and send a detected mission statement to the testing organization, and then the sample tests are officially stated.
Phase 4: Sample test
The applicant should improve the non-conforming product of the sample test according to the correction notice of sample test. After the sample test, testing agency fills the sample testing results and sends the testing reports to CQC.
Phase 5: Factory inspection
For the application needed factory inspection, inspection department conducts the factory inspection.
Phase 6: Conformity assessment
Product certification engineer shall make preliminary assessment after collecting and collating the results at each stage. And conformity assessment body shall re-rate the above results.
Phase 7: Certification of approval
Director issue the certificate
Phase 8: The print, receive, send and management of certificate
Applicants print the license slip, seek the certificate or demand to be sent.